Question: The Czechoslovakian word for “forced labor” gave rise to what modern technology term?

The Czechoslovakian word for “forced labor” gave rise to what modern technology term?

– Kiosk
– Drone
– Computer
– Robot

In 1921, a play about robots premiered at the National Theater in Prague, which was the capital of Czechoslovakia at the time. Karel Capek’s “R.U.R.” (Rossum’s Universal Robots) marks the first time the term “robot” referred to an artificial being. Capek coined the term for his artificial persons, using the Czech word for “forced labor” as the basis for the word. Capek’s term “robot” entered the English language in 1923. Source: Wired.com

Robot

A robot is a machine—especially one programmable by a computer— capable of carrying out a complex series of actions automatically. Robots can be guided by an external control device or the control may be embedded within.

Question: Which organization tracks Santa’s flight on Christmas Eve?

Which organization tracks Santa’s flight on Christmas Eve?
– FAA
– NORAD
– TSA
– NSA

Answer: North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) is a combined organization of the United States and Canada that provides aerospace warning, air sovereignty, and defense for Northern America. Every year on Christmas Eve, volunteer staff is available at NORAD to take calls about Santa’s whereabouts. A live webcast of Santa’s preparations begins at 2:01 a.m. EST on Christmas Eve, and then NORAD’s “Santa Cams” will stream videos as Santa flies around the world. The tradition started in 1955 as the result of a wrongly listed phone number.

NORAD

North American Aerospace Defense Command, known until March 1981 as the North American Air Defense Command, is a combined organization of the United States and Canada that provides an aerospace warning, … Wikipedia
Current commander: General Lori Robinson, USAF; Lieutenant General Pierre St-Amand RCAF
Founded: 12 September 1957, Colorado Springs, Colorado, United States
Controlled by: USNORTHCOM
In use: 1958 – present
Built: 1961 (Directorate)
Events: May 2006 NORAD Agreement Renewal

Question: Who received the first Nobel Prize for Literature in 1901?

Who received the first Nobel Prize for Literature in 1901?
– Sully Prudhomme
– Charles Dickens
– Gerard Manley Hopkins
– Thomas Hardy
Rene-Francois-Armand Prudhomme was a leading member of the Parnassian movement. The poets of this movement worked to bring elegance, balance and a return to aesthetic standards to poetry during the 1800s. Prudhomme, who wrote under the pseudonym Sully Prudhomme, was awarded the first Nobel Prize for Literature in 1901. His best-known poem is “The Broken Vase,” published in 1865 as part of a collection of his poetry titled “Stances et poemes.” Source: Britannica.com

Sully Prudhomme

René François Armand Prudhomme was a French poet and essayist. He was the first winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1901. Wikipedia
Born: 16 March 1839, Paris, France
Died: 6 September 1907, Châtenay-Malabry, France
Awards: Nobel Prize in Literature

Question: What is the name of Vincent van Gogh’s famous painting of a night time sky with swirling yellow stars?

What is the name of Vincent van Gogh’s famous painting of a night time sky with swirling yellow stars?
– Nightwatch
– The Scream
– Starry Night
– The Storm

Answer: The Starry Night is a painting by Dutch post-impressionist artist Vincent van Gogh. Starry Night is one of the most well known images in modern culture as well as being one of the most replicated and sought after prints. The painting depicts the view outside his sanitarium room window at night, although it was painted from memory during the day. Since 1941 it has been in the permanent collection of the Museum of Modern Art in New York City. The painting is widely hailed as his magnum opus.

Starry Night

Question: Which song was originally written for the Thanksgiving holiday?

Which song was originally written for the Thanksgiving holiday?
– “Let it Snow”
– “Jingle Bells”
– “Winter Wonderland”
– “Santa Claus is Coming to Town”

Answer: “Jingle Bells” is one of the most popular Christmas songs ever written. Except it’s not a Christmas song. It was written to celebrate Thanksgiving. In 1850, James Lord Pierpont was hanging out in a tavern in Medford, Massachusetts, when he was inspired by Medford’s famous sleigh races to write a tune called ‘One Horse Open Sleigh” for a children’s Thanksgiving play. Everyone loved it so much that it became incorporated into Christmas. James Lord Pierpont was the uncle of banker John Pierpont Morgan, better known as J.P. Morgan.

Jingle Bells

“Jingle Bells” is one of the best-known and commonly sung American songs in the world. It was written by James Lord Pierpont and published under the title “One Horse Open Sleigh” in the autumn of 1857. Wikipedia
Composed: 1850
Lyrics
Jingle bells, jingle bells, jingle all the way
Oh, what fun it is to ride in a one horse open sleigh
Jingle bells, jingle bells, jingle all the way
Oh, what fun it is to ride in a one horse open sleigh…

Question: Which James Bond film features the character Francisco Scaramanga?

Which James Bond film features the character Francisco Scaramanga?
– For Your Eyes Only
– The Man with the Golden Gun
– Skyfall
– The Spy Who Loved Me

Christopher Lee portrayed the title character in “The Man with the Golden Gun.” Francisco “Paco” Scaramanga was one of the few villains who could match James Bond’s impressive set of spy skills. As villains go, Scaramanga’s plans to bring destruction using solar energy weren’t the most terrifying. It was the film’s final duel between Bond and Scaramanga that places “The Man with the Golden Gun” solidly on the list of one of Bond’s best adventures. Source: ComingSoon.net

The Man with the Golden Gun

Bond must get his hands on a device which can harness solar energy. At the same time, he must also face his enemy who wants to kill him.

Trivia: What Canadian winter carnival pulls in an average of $42 million per winter into its hosting city?

What Canadian winter carnival pulls in an average of $42 million per winter into its hosting city?
– Quebec City’s Winter Carnival
– Montreal Winter Wonder Festival
– Calgary’s Cold-Weather Carnival
– Winter Carnival in Airdrie

The Quebec City’s Winter Carnival begins each year during the final week in January and runs until mid-February. The Carnival brings in an average of $42 million into the city. The festivities include the Uniprix 400-foot ice slide, the Arctic Spas Village, dog sled races, outdoor dance parties, winter camping and night parades. While Quebec City’s Winter Carnival claims the crown of largest and most popular winter celebration in the world, it faces argument by some on that point. Source: TravelChannel.com

Quebec City’s Winter Carnival

The Quebec Winter Carnival or the Carnaval de Québec is a festival held in Quebec City. After being held intermittently since 1894, the Carnaval de Québec has been celebrated annually since 1955. Wikipedia
Location: Quebec City

Québec City sits on the Saint Lawrence River in Canada’s mostly French-speaking Québec province. Dating to 1608, it has a fortified colonial core, Vieux-Québec and Place Royale, with stone buildings and narrow streets. This area is the site of the towering Château Frontenac Hotel and imposing Citadelle of Québec. The Petit Champlain district’s cobblestone streets are lined with bistros and boutiques.

Question: What is the highest number of Michelin stars a restaurant can receive?

What is the highest number of Michelin stars a restaurant can receive?
– 3
– 5
– 7
– 10

Answer: Michelin stars are a rating system used by the red Michelin Guide to grade restaurants on their quality. Restaurants are assessed by expert restaurant reviewers at the levels from 1 to 3 stars. The rating system was first introduced in 1926 as a single star, with the second and third stars introduced in 1933. According to the Guide, one star signifies “a very good restaurant”, two stars are “excellent cooking that is worth a detour”, and three stars mean “exceptional cuisine that is worth a special journey”. The listing of starred restaurants is updated once a year.

3

Question: What is the highest number of Michelin stars a restaurant can receive?

What is the highest number of Michelin stars a restaurant can receive?
– 3
– 5
– 7
– 10

Answer: Michelin stars are a rating system used by the red Michelin Guide to grade restaurants on their quality. Restaurants are assessed by expert restaurant reviewers at the levels from 1 to 3 stars. The rating system was first introduced in 1926 as a single star, with the second and third stars introduced in 1933. According to the Guide, one star signifies “a very good restaurant”, two stars are “excellent cooking that is worth a detour”, and three stars mean “exceptional cuisine that is worth a special journey”. The listing of starred restaurants is updated once a year.

3

Which of these U.S. states has a postal abbreviation whose letters are not in alphabetical order?

Which of these U.S. states has a postal abbreviation whose letters are not in alphabetical order?
– Mississippi
– Missouri
– Minnesota
– Michigan

Answer: The United States Postal Service has assigned a two-letter abbreviation to each of the 50 states. Modern two-letter abbreviated codes for the states and territories originated in October 1963, with the issuance of Publication 59: Abbreviations for Use with ZIP Code, three months after the Post Office introduced ZIP codes. Of the states listed, Michigan’s postal abbreviation (MI) is not in alphabetical order. The remaining options Mississippi (MS), Minnesota (MN), and Missouri (MO) all have two-letter abbreviations that are in alphabetical order.

Michigan

Michigan is a midwestern U.S. state bordering 4 of the Great Lakes. It contains more than 11,000 inland lakes, spread across its lower and upper peninsulas. Its largest city, Detroit, is famed as the seat of the U.S. auto industry, which inspired Diego Rivera’s murals at the Detroit Institute of Arts. Also in Detroit is Hitsville U.S.A., original headquarters of the Motown record company.

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